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Guide to EN Standards

All SHOWA and SKYTEC gloves are manufactured to exacting standards that make them the choice of Industry Professionals performing tasks with high risk tasks.

Look for the EN388 rating stamp for a guarantee of consistent quality in every glove. Not all gloves on the market offer the same level of protection!

See our guide to the EN standards below.

EN388 EN511 EN407
EN388

Mechanical Hazards

EN511

Protection from Cold

EN407

Thermal (Heat) Hazards

EN388STANDARD EN 388: 2003Gloves Giving Protection From Mechanical Risks

EN388SCOPE

This standard applies to all kinds of protective gloves in respect of physical and mechanical aggressions caused by abrasion, blade cut, puncture and tearing.

DEFINITION AND REQUIREMENTS

Protection against mechanical hazards is expressed by a pictogram followed by four numbers (performance levels), each representing test performance against a specific hazard.

The ‘Mechanical Risks’ pictogram is accompanied by a 4-digit code:

a)     0 to 4 - Resistance to abrasion. Based on the number of cycles required to abrade through the sample given.

b)     0 to 5 - Blade cut resistance. Based on the number of cycles required to cut through the sample at a constant speed.

c)     0 to 4 - Tear resistance. Based on the amount of force required to tear the sample.

d)     0 to 4 - Puncture resistance. Based on the amount of force required to pierce the sample with a standard sized point.

EN511STANDARD EN 511: 2006Gloves Giving Protection From Cold

SCOPE

This standard applies to any gloves to protect the hands against convective and contact cold down to -50oC.

DEFINITION AND REQUIREMENTS

Protection against cold is expressed by a pictogram followed by a series of 3 performance levels, relating to specific protective qualities.

EN511The ‘cold hazard’ pictogram is accompanied by a 3-digit number:

a. Resistance to convective cold (performance level 0 - 4)

b. Resistance to contact cold (performance level 0 - 4)

c. Permeability by water (0 or 1)

All gloves must achieve at least EN388 performance level 1 for abrasion and tear.

• Convective cold resistance: based on the thermal insulation properties of the glove which are obtained by measuring the transfer of cold via convection.

• Contact cold resistance: based on the thermal resistance of the glove material when exposed to contact with a cold object.

• Water impermeability: 0 = water penetration after 30 minutes of exposure 1 = no water penetration.

EN407STANDARD EN 407: 2004Gloves Giving Protection From Thermal Hazards

SCOPE

This standard specifies thermal performance for protective gloves against heat and/or fi re.

DEFINITION AND REQUIREMENTS

The nature and degree of protection is shown by a pictogram followed by a series of six performance levels, relating to specific protective qualities. Gloves must also achieve at least Performance level 1 for abrasion and tear.

EN407The ‘heat and flame’ pictogram is accompanied by a 6-digit number:

a. Resistance to flammability (performance level 0-4)

Based on the length of time the material continues to burn and glow after the source of ignition is removed. The seams of the glove shall not come apart after an ignition time of 15 seconds.

b. Contact heat resistance (performance level 0-4)

Based on the temperature range (100-500oC) at which the user will feel no pain for at least 15 seconds. If an EN level 3 or higher is obtained, the product shall record at least EN level 3 in the flammability test. Otherwise, the maximum contact heat level shall be reported as level 2.

c. Convective heat resistance (performance level 0-4)

Based on the length of time the glove is able to delay the transfer of heat from a flame. A performance level shall only be mentioned if a performance level of 3 or 4 is obtained in the flammability test.

d. Radiant heat resistance (performance level 0-4)

Based on the length of time the glove is able to delay the transfer of heat when exposed to a radiant heat source. A performance level shall only be mentioned if a performance level 3 or 4 is obtained in the flammability test.

e. Resistance to small splashes of molten metal (performance level 0-4)

The number of molten metal drops required to heat the glove sample to a given level. A performance level shall only be mentioned if a performance level 3 or 4 is obtained in the flammability test.

f. Resistance to large splashes of molten metal (performance level 0-4)

The weight of molten metal required to cause smoothing or pin-holing across a simulated skin placed directly behind the glove sample. The test is failed if metal droplets remain stuck to the glove material or if the specimen ignites.